The wealth that Ibiza has is countless. Historical, cultural, natural ... the island has much to offer anyone who dares to discover it.
History of Ibiza
The island of Ibiza preserves Phoenician archaeological remains as it was a relevant commercial enclave within the nautical culture of this town.
Also the Romans traded with the Balearic Islands thanks to that they had certain riches like the salt, the figs or different minerals.
The Arabs took possession of their territory in the year 902 and founded the city that today lives like capital, the old part of which receives the name of Dalt Vila (outskirts). Jaime I of Aragon granted the reconquest in 1235.
The native Muslim population was then subdued and brought to new Christian settlers. Ibiza was incorporated to the newly founded Kingdom of Mallorca, within the Crown of Aragon.
Already in modern times the island is dominated from the beginning of the Spanish Civil War (July of 1936) by the National side against the government of the Second Spanish Republic.
The Ibizan culture and folklore that have reached our days are an amalgam of the different peoples who inhabited the island in the past. Traditional dances - sa llarga i sa corto - consist of a flirtation between men and women in which they draw circles around their suitors, while they boast of their masculine abilities with great leaps and touching great castanets.
In the traditional music have remained the vestiges of the culture of North Africa. This footprint is also evident in the jewelry worn by the payees on the chest: the one undertaken, which is formed by several strands of gold, along with saia and s'adreç. The spectacle of the typical costumes and the ancestral dances can be observed in the popular celebrations that are celebrated throughout the year in the different parishes of the Pitiusas.
The maritime celebrations in honor of the Virgin of the Carmen (16 of July) become an explosion of color and joy in which the people of the sea leave in marine procession with their boats, as much of fishing as of recreation, carrying an image of His patron.
Ibiza, a city declared World Heritage by UNESCO in 1999, encloses behind its Renaissance walls an interesting legacy of the different cultures that populated it. An artistic wealth that is reflected both in the monumental area of Dalt Vila and in the necropolis of Es Puig des Molins or in the Phoenician-Punic archaeological site of Sa Caleta.
The beauty of the island capital is enhanced by the natural diversity of the island and its picturesque landscapes, as well as by a privileged marine ecosystem characterized by the presence of dense, well-preserved meadows of oceanic posidonia and is noted for its great variety Species that houses.
A cultural heritage that is an amalgam of the different peoples who inhabited the island in the past.
The gastronomy of Ibiza is very rich and generous. The seafood is the essential ingredient of most of the typical dishes of the island. Nevertheless, the meat also has a leading role, since the slaughters are a tradition deeply rooted in the island around which the families meet.
There are a large number of Ibiza recipes, however, if you visit the island, there are some that you should not leave without trying. If you like fish, theBullit of peixIs one of the star dishes. If you are over meat try to order a good sofrit pagès and, if you like spoon dishes, kibble rice is the best option. Squid fry or pork is also typical in Ibiza, as well as the salad of crostes or bones with cabbage.
The gastronomy of Ibiza has dishes that are made only on specific dates such as the 'salsa de Nadal' at Christmas, or the 'Cuinat' for Easter. In addition, their sweets are also exquisite. Among them they emphasize the flaó, the graixonera, the fritters or the orelletes.
There are also typical drinks such as the café caleta or the famous Ibizan herbs, made with different herbs from the Ibiza countryside.
Ibiza has a great diversity of craftsmanship that manifests itself through its multiple modalities: wood, stone, glass, ceramics, embroidery, fabrics, shoe, leather, articles in silver, jewelery, jewelry, pearls and also the latest trends in fashion and everything What artists from any part of the world have been contributing to the tradition of the Balearic Islands over the years.
There are important artisan projects on the island such as the Cultural Association Es Retorn that meets during the summer months in Dalt Vila to show the public their workshops of handicrafts in Ibiza where they show the process of making handicraft products made with raw materials from the Earth.
In addition we can highlight the creation, in 1980, of the Association of Artisan Professionals of Ibiza, whose objective is the dignification of crafts and their promotion, and the promotion and protection of the interests of artisans.
The fauna is conditioned by the fact of being insular, relying almost exclusively on insects and birds, with a few species of reptiles. Although large mammals do not abound, we can find gypsies and, above all, endemic species that constitute a true natural treasure.
The birds are the most representative group of the island since there are almost 500 species of birds registered in the Balearic Islands. So much so that the Government has developed a computer application, a search engine aimed at information and commitment of tourism activity with respect to the biodiversity of natural spaces.
Ibiza has unique species in the world such asLizard pitiusaor thePodenco ibicenco(Ca Eivissenc), breed of dog of Egyptian origin.
One of the most important marine ecosystems in the Mediterranean is here: the Posidonia oceanic prairies, which live a wide diversity of marine life and play a very important role in the conservation of the coastal ecosystem.
Among the marine fauna of the Pitiusas can be found multicolored maidens, sea anemones, flocks of sea bream, salpas and fry of the monkfish ... To a greater depth we find a different landscape: corals, barracudas, mackerels, tunas and even perches .... From the surface you can see dolphins, flying fish and sea turtles from time to time.
Weather in Ibiza
In Ibiza the first hot days are noticeable from the month of May and continue with milder temperatures until late October. Rainfall mostly falls in the spring and summer on the island is characterized by being dry and very hot. In August and September the temperature rises to 30º C, and the temperature of the water oscillates between 25º - 27º C.
Because of its island status, the climate in Ibiza is temperate, even in winter the temperature rarely drops below the 0 degrees. Between December and March, the days are soft and bright. Winter visitors have the incentive to know that at this time the island is an oasis of peace and tranquility, and it is possible to walk on the beach in shirtsleeves, sunbathing, relaxing in the countryside and practicing outdoor sports, So Ibiza is an excellent alternative for a weekend getaway.
From November to April, the average daytime temperature is about 15 ° C, although on hot, sunny days it can rise rapidly to 25 ° C. According to the native population, it never rains more than three days in a row. The rest of the time, the sun shines in a clear blue sky.